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Understanding Skin 101: 5 Different Types of Skin and How to Take Care of Each Type

Whenever it comes to Fall/Winter or seasonal change, skin condition will change despite your skin types. Skin problems such as dryness and flakes will appear easily, so deep moisturising is a must! There are oodles of skincare products in market but not all of them are suitable for you. Before you put them into cart, make sure you understand the skin type you belong to and pick a correct product to address your needs. Skin types are generally categorised into 5 types: oily, dry, normal, combination and sensitive skins. If you want to wave goodbye to dry and flaky skins, keep scrolling and identify your skin type first, then choose the best solutions for this Fall/Winter!

Are you sensitive or oily skin? Do you know which skin type are you?

 

Skin test is as simple as a pie - just calm your mind for 3 min and recall your skin features. When you have finished your daily skincare routine or done your makeup in morning, how is your skin condition in the mid-day?

Oily skin >> greasy face with oil shine, acne-prone skin with breakouts, comedones and blackheads

Dry skin >> a bit dry but will restore back to normal when applying moisturiser or hydration mist

Normal skin >> no big difference since the morning makeup, oil shine- or stripping-free

Combination skin >> T-zone including forehead and nose has oil-shine whilst U-zone including cheeks, eye area and chin is feeling dry

Sensitive skin >> redness with stripping, itchy feel
 

So, you should know which skin type you are now! Address your skin issues and you may tailor your skincare regimen!

 

Oily skin: Wash your face with 37°C water to soothe dryness


 

You need oil-control products as you easily have breakouts, comedones and blackheads throughout the year. However, the air humidity and moisture in Fall decreases, so as your sebum production and sweat, that’s why you indeed should use less oil-control products. Moreover, skin becomes fragile in Fall/Winter, so you can use natural cleansing method to control sebum production. Try to wash your face with 37°C water to open up the pores, then use cleansing milk to clean your face and swipe away the dirts within. Wet the cotton round with toner and pat on face to reduce the oil production. 

A tip for choosing toner: choose a tone with better moisturising effect. Since oily skin may be lack of water in deep skin, so excessive sebum is produced as barrier. If it is hydrated enough, oil secretion will be reduced.

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Dry skin: Use beauty oil for oil-balance to soothe cracking skin

It is a nightmare for dry skin during seasonal change as skin problems like dryness, flakiness and cracking are so annoying. This skin type is lack of moisture and oil, leaving it look dry and dull, or even chapping and feeling stripped. Choose the products with extraordinary moisturising effect and apply moisturising masks every two days, your skin will be plump and supple again! 

If you feel dry again after following the regimens above, or feeling stripped after few hours, you can use beauty oil. It helps level up your moisture level whilst keeping dry and fine lines in curb. You can also treat it as daily skincare procedure, mix one to two drops in foundation and make it more long-wear and undetectable. Princess of Wales Catherine is also big fan of beauty oil, that’s why she always looks stunning living in the UK with dry weather. Don’t you want to steal her look?

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Normal skin: Apply body cream to appease dry skin

 

If you have normal skin, congratulations! As you have the luckiest skin type. You oil balance is normal whilst skin looks plump and radiant, you just need to use moisturiser regularly and masks to combat the dry weather in Fall/Winter. Aside from face moisturiser, remember to put on body cream as well to achieve an immaculate skin from face to toes.
 

So, when should we apply body cream? The best timing is after shower. Gently dry your skin with towel, leaving your body with a few tiny droplets. This method allows you to lock the moisture of body to keep your oil balance. Besides, apply body cream before sleep can leave you a smooth, supple skin the next day when you wake up! 

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Combination skin: acne-prone and dehydrated, skincare for different zones


 

Most of the Hong Kong girls have combination skin - oily T-zone (forehead and nose) and dry U-zone (cheeks, eye area and chin). Thus, you need to stock up two types of skincare products, one is mild and fresh for T-zone whilst using a strong moisturiser on U-zone. 

Give you a PRO-tip during face wash. Start from the oily areas and shorten the rubbing time of  face wash on U-zone area to avoid a drier skin. I suggest you to start from forehead → temples → nose → chin →cheeks.

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Sensitive skin: go for fragrance-free natural, organic products to soothe dryness


 

Seasonal change is one of the causes of your irritated skin woes. Once the weather alters, redness, dryness, flakes all show up, not to mention the eczema. Therefore, sensitive skin should choose a mild formula, better a natural, organic one or those suitable for baby skin too, to protect your delicate skin.
 

There are many body creams claimed to be for baby or sensitive skin but ironically, are also highlighted by Consumer Council that their fragrance ingredient might cause irritation. Thus, keep some big no-nos in mind, like fragrances and alcohol, and look up the ingredient list to ensure they won’t cause burden to your skin. One friendly reminder, if you have sensitive skin, use natural, hypoallergenic sanitisers amidst pandemic to avoid a dry and irritated reaction. 


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